In November 2021, Hindus, especially those in Bali, will celebrate 19 holidays.
This holiday starts from Kajeng Kliwon, Tilem, and Purnama, to Galungan and Kuningan holidays. The following is a schedule of Hindu holidays for November 2021.
- Sugihan Jawa
Sugihan Jawa is celebrated on Thursday, November 4, 2021. This holiday is celebrated six days before Galungan come. Sugihan Jawa or Sugihan Jaba falls every Thursday (Wraspati) Wage wuku Sungsang. Sugihan Jawa comes from Sanskrit from the words Sugi and Jaba. Sugi means cleaning and Jaba means outside. So Sugihan Jawa means the cleansing of the universe or the macrocosm or the Bhuana Agung. The cleaning of this Bhuana Agung is done by cleaning the pelinggih, temples, merajan, and the surrounding environment. Canang pengreresik and canang raka in merajan and Paibon are also presented.
- Tilem Kalima
Celebrated on Thursday, November 4, 2021. The holy day of Tilem or when the moon is dead (Krsna Forced) when the sky is dark all night without moonlight, from an astronomical point of view the position of the moon is between the earth and the sun, so that the night sky is pitch black. At this time of Tilem, people are celebrated to worship Sang Hyang Surya, because at that time it is believed that Hyang Surya is doing yoga meditation, at that time is the right time to perform self-purification, melting all the dirt (mala) contained in humans.
- Sugihan Bali
This Balinese Sugihan is celebrated on Friday 5 November 2021. Precisely on Sukra (Friday) Kliwon Wuku Sungsang. Sugihan Bali comes from the word sugi which means cleaning and Bali which means inner strength. So that Sugihan Bali means a ceremony for self-purification or bhuana alit or microcosm both on a scale and a no basis.
- Hari Penyekeban
Sunday, November 7, 2021, is a kicker. Panyekeban falls three days before Galungan Day or on Redite (Sunday) Paing Wuku Dungulan. In the Sundarigama Lontar it is stated that today Sang Hyang Kala Tiga will descend to the world.
kang Dungulan Redite Paing, turun Sang Hyang Kala Tiga, menadi Bhuta Galungan, arep anadah anginun ring manusa pada matangnian sang wiku muang sang para sujan den perepiakse juga sira kumekas ikang jenyana nirmala, nimitania, tan ka surupan tekap. Sang Buta Galungan, nadah mangkana mengaram panyekeban ucaping loka.
Meaning : when Redite Paing wuku Dungulan mentioned that Sang Hyang Kala Tiga descended into the world in the form of Sang Bhuta Galungan, who wanted to eat and drink in this world, therefore, holy people, as well as sujana (wise), should be alert and restrain or limit himself and then concentrate his mind on holiness, so as not to be caught by the harmful qualities of the influences of Sang Bhuta Galungan, and that is what is called the day of penance. Therefore, starting today one must begin to control oneself. Not easily angry, emotional, and always patient so that later on during the Galungan Day, we can celebrate the day of Dharma victory in a plenary way.
- Penyajaan Galungan
Penyajaan Galungan is celebrated on Monday 8 November 2021. To be precise Monday (Soma) Pon wuku Dunggulan or two days before Galungan Day. At this time, Hindus make snacks that will be used during Galungan Day in two days. One of the snacks that is usually made is jaje uli which is made from sticky rice. In addition, at this time, preparations for various ceremonies are also carried out, both from coconut, slepan, and ron materials. Philosophically, worship comes from the word alone which means earnestly. So that today a person increases or strengthens his sincerity in welcoming the victory of dharma over adharma.
- Penampahan Galungan
Penampahan Galungan is celebrated on Tuesday, November 9, 2021. On this day, people slaughter animals, both pigs and chickens. In addition, the installation of penjor at the entrance of the house was also carried out. On this day ruled by Sang Bhuta Amengkurat. Therefore, after sunset, the Biakala ceremony (mabiakala) is held in order to avoid the influence of the Kala Tiganing Galungan which is carried out in the yard.
- Hari Raya Galungan
Wednesday 11 November 2021 is Galungan Day. Today is the anniversary of the victory of dharma against adharma. Hindus make offerings to Sang Hyang Widi and Dewa/Bhatara with all their manifestations as a sign of gratitude for their grace and for further salvation.
- Manis Galungan
Manis Galungan is celebrated on Thursday, October 11, 2021. It is usually celebrated by embracing springs, lakes and seas. Also perform a purification ceremony in merajan or disclaimer kemulan addressed to Hyang Kawitan and Ancestors.
- Pemaridan Guru
Saturday, November 13, 2021, is Teacher’s Visit. This time is believed to be the day when the Gods go to Sunyaloka by leaving prosperity and longevity to their people.
Sunday, November 14, 2021, Ulihan Day is celebrated. On this day, the canang raka and its sequences are presented to the Bhatara-Bhatari.
- Pemacekan Agung
Monday, November 15, 2021, Balinese Hindus celebrate the feast of Pemacekan Agung.
- Buda Paing Kuningan
Wednesday, November 17, 2021, Balinese Hindu celebrate Buda Paing Kuningan. Buda Paing Kuningan is for praising the God Wisnu
- Penampahan Kuningan
Friday, November 19, 2021, Balinese Hindu Celebrating Penampahan Kuningan
- Purnama Kanem
Full moon Kaenem is celebrated on Friday 19 November 2021 and coincides with the shedding of Kuningan. In general, Hindus believe in a high sense of holiness on the full moon day, so that day is referred to as “Dewasa Ayu”. Therefore, every holy day that coincides with the full moon day, the ceremony is called “Nadi”. But actually not every day Purnama is called ayu, it also depends on Patemon dina in the calculation of wariga.
- Kajeng Keliwon Uwudan
On Saturday, November 20, 2021, Hindus celebrate Kajeng Keliwon Uwudan.
- Kuningan Day
Kuningan Day is celebrated on Saturday 20 November 2021. On this day offerings and offerings for the return of Shang Hyang Widhi accompanied by the Gods or Pitara.
- Buda Wage Langkir
Buda Wage Langkir is celebrated on Wednesday 24 November 2021
- Bhatara Sri Day
Bhatara Sri Day is held on Friday, October 26, 2021.
- Anggara Kasih Medangsia Day
Anggara Kasih Medangsia is celebrated on Tuesday, November 30, 2021. Celebrated ten days after Kuningan. Anggara Kasih Medangsia is celebrated on Tuesday Kliwon wuku Medangsia which falls every six months.