Safety is everything for us. Maintain safety by all means to avoid the risk of experiencing disaster. However, it can happen anytime and anywhere. Often medical emergency situations occur even around us. These circumstances need to be treated early before being taken to the hospital. If they happen near you now, could you do that?.
First aid is an early relief measure given to the victim with the aim of preventing the situation getting worse before the victim gets treatment from an official medical officer. The principles of first aid in emergency conditions are to secure yourself, secure the environment, then secure the victim. Do not try to help the victim but instead we endanger ourselves. We need to use personal protective equipment such as a handschoen or a mask to avoid getting exposed to blood or anything else directly into our body. For example the victim who had an accident in the middle of the road. After using the personal protective equipment, we should stop the first passing vehicle then we secure the victim to the side of the road for help. Shout for assistance from the near community and contact an emergency number to get more competent officer or to reach nearest hospital.
If you know how to conduct an assessment to the victim, you could examine the victim’s awareness, blood circulation, respiratory or airway, breathing and local disturbances. Then specify the status of the victim and the priority on the act of providing help. Get a certified First aid training program, e.g with Hydromedical Bali so you could do provision of assistance according to the victim status, which can be done in the following way:
- Lay the victim with her head lower than her lower leg.
- If there is an interruption of breath and heart, give heart resuscitation of the lung.
- If a minor injury occurred treat as necessary.
- If seriously injured, seek immediate medical assistance and call an emergency number.
The American National Red Cross. 2015. The Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers Handbook. United States of America