Rabies is a serious disease. It is caused by a virus. Rabies is mainly a disease of animals. Humans get rabies when they are bitten by infected animals. At first there might not be any symptoms.
But weeks, or even months after a bite, rabies can cause pain, fatigue, headaches, fever, and irritability. These are followed by seizures, hallucinations, and paralysis. Human rabies is almost always fatal. Wild animals—especially bats—are the most common source of human rabies infection in the United States.
Virtually all infections with rabies resulted in death until two French scientists and developed the first rabies vaccination in 1885. This vaccine was first used on a human on July 6, 1885, on nine-year-old, who had been mauled by a rabid dog. Their vaccine consisted of a sample of the virus harvested from infected (and necessarily dead) rabbits that was weakened by allowing it to dry for 5 to 10 days. Similar nerve tissue-derived vaccines are still used now in some countries, and while they are much cheaper than modern cell culture vaccines, they are not as effective. Neural tissue vaccines also carry a certain risk of neurological complications.
Skunks, raccoons, dogs, cats, coyotes, foxes and other mammals can also transmit the disease. Human rabies is rare in the United States. There have been only 55 cases diagnosed since 1990. However, between 16,000 and 39,000 people are vaccinated each year as a precaution after animal bites. Also, rabies is far more common in other parts of the world, with about 40,000–70,000 rabies-related deaths worldwide each year. Bites from unvaccinated dogs cause most of these cases.
An outbreak of rabies in dogs has been ongoing in Bali, Indonesia, since November 2008. As of November 1, 2011, more than 100 people have died from rabies in Bali since the outbreak began. Human and animal rabies cases have been confirmed near popular tourist destinations throughout the island.
Efforts, including vaccinating dogs for rabies, have been made to control the outbreak. These efforts appear to be helping to manage the outbreak on the island. Since 2008 until 2019 the government of Indonesia already spent IDR 378 billion to handle and deal with the rabies case. The rabies case is going to a positive side of progress. Until September 2019 Bali Provincial Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Service directors Wayan Mardiana and Ketut Diarmita told media there has been 169 case of rabies in Bali and 92% of animal in Bali were vaccinated. This number is highly decreased if compared the case in 2008.
I Wayan Mardiana also stated that their team are on progress to find all of the wild animal to get vaccinated by rabies vaccine so by December of 2019 Bali can really getting free from the rabies. All of the citizen who are having a dog in Bali also being educated by the government to make all of their pet which are having a high risk of Rabies to get vaccinated as soon as possible. The 2019 Bali budget provided for administering up to half a million canine rabies vaccinations, approximately enough to immunize every dog on the island twice over. The current Balinese government, headed by Wayan Koster, believes Bali might be effectively rabies-free by 2020. If Bali has no more canine rabies cases during the next two years, the island will be internationally recognized as a rabies-free destination.
To fulfilling the target of Bali Rabies Free the Husbandry and Animal Health Service also created 42 Rabies Centre in Bali to providing the rabies vaccine and health services for the ones who needed it so by 2020 Bali can completely free from rabies. The Rabies Experts Prof. Ketut Pudja is also stated that the government of Bali doing as the best as they can to make Bali becoming rabies free and bringing Bali back to the rabies free era.
The government also doing a prevention by doing a socialization towards the society about rabies and how to prevent it happen. The Government spreading the news to all of the city in Bali so they can spread it wider and all of the society know how dangerous that rabies can be when they are not got vaccinated after bitten by the animal.
First aid learning after got bitten by animal is really important for you to know to stay away from rabies. At the time a rabid animal bites you, there’s no way to know whether the animal has transmitted the rabies virus to you. For this reason, treatment to prevent the rabies virus from infecting your body is recommended if the doctor thinks there’s a chance you have been exposed to the virus. Once a rabies infection is established, there’s no effective treatment. Though a small number of people have survived rabies, the disease usually causes death. For that reason, if you think you’ve been exposed to rabies, you must get a series of shots to prevent the infection from taking hold.
The first thing you should do following a dog bite is to put distance between yourself and the dog. That can eliminate the chances that you may be bitten again. Once there’s no longer an immediate threat, it’s important to determine if the dog has been inoculated against rabies. If the dog’s owner is nearby, ask for the dog’s vaccination history, making sure to get the owner’s name, telephone number, and veterinarian’s contact information. If possible, also ask to see some sort of ID. If the dog is unaccompanied, ask anyone who witnessed the attack if they’re familiar with the dog and know where the owner lives. Of course, it’s also possible to be bitten by your own dog. For this reason, make sure to keep up with your dog’s rabies inoculations. Even a friendly, gentle animal may sometimes bite.
All dog bite wounds, even minor ones, should be monitored for signs of infection until they’re completely healed. Check the bite often to see if it becomes: red, swollen, warm and tender to the touch. If the wound gets worse, you feel pain, or develop a fever, see a doctor immediately.
For the treatment steps after got bitten you can do :
- Wash the wound with soap and warm water.
- Gently press a clean cloth over the wound to stop the flow of blood.
- Apply an antibacterial ointment to the wound.
- Cover with a sterile bandage.
- Watch for signs of infection.
- Seek help if you suspect infection or possible exposure to rabies, or if the wound is severe.
All of the animal bitten should be examined by a doctor to prevent the rabies. Especially when the bitten is caused by an animal with an unknown rabies vaccine history, or by a dog that’s acting erratically or appears to be sick, doesn’t stop bleeding, causes intense pain, exposes bone, tendons, or muscle, causes loss of function, such as an inability to bend fingers, looks red, swollen, or inflamed and leaks pus or fluid. These are the symptom that the condition is getting worse.
Rabies can cause the infection in your body. Animals bites can introduce dangerous bacteria into the body. This can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections to occur when left untreated. It’s very important to wash the wound as soon as you’re bitten and to use topical antibiotics, such as povidone iodine, in and around broken skin. Keep the wound covered and change bandages daily.
Keep an eye on the wound for signs of infection. Depending on the type of infection, symptoms can start appearing within 24 hours up to 14 days after being bitten. Infections can spread quickly throughout the body. If you notice signs of infection, see your doctor right away. You may need oral or intravenous antibiotics. If your doctor prescribes antibiotics for you, you’ll probably take them for 1 to 2 weeks. Do not stop taking your medication even if the infection appears to subside completely.
Dog bites can be scary and, when left untreated, can also cause serious complications. Bacterial infections are a common complication from dog bites and it’s important to get any sign of infection looked at promptly. Inoculating your own dog for rabies and staying away from unknown dogs is your best defense against dog bites and their complications.
Never approach a dog you don’t know, no matter how adorable they may look. Also avoid roughhousing or playing aggressively with dogs, including those you know. It also makes sense to “let sleeping dogs lie,” and to never disturb a dog that’s eating or caring for puppies. If you still want to learn more all about Rabies during your visit in Bali, you can go and contact Hydro Medical Bali. They will provide you the information that you needed for Rabies. Also, they will provide you the vaccine when you needed it with the handling of their professional health care.
Why you need Rabies vaccination at Hydro Medical? Why is it to be specific in Hydro Medical? First and the most important thing is it administered by registered & qualified health professionals so you don’t need to faced unnecessary risk. Rabies is 100% preventable with vaccine, so it is perfect term for you to get the vaccine as soon as you got bitten by the animal. All of the treatment in Hydro medical Bali is cashless because all the treatments can fully cover by your insurance. You got bitten by the animal at 2 am in the morning? No need to worry because Hydro Medical Bali has 24hour ready rapid response. Remember that any bite by invaccinated random animal can cause rabies so it is better to look over the treatment as soon as possible.