Pura Sakenan is a temple that was built for worship of Balinese Hindu.
This temple is included in the Denpasar area, but is located on a small island separated from Bali precisely on Serangan Island. After experiencing reclamation, the Serangan Island has been connected with Bali.
Sakenan Temple is one of the temples whose existence is still used as a place of worship for Hindu in southern Bali until now and is very crowded to visit. Most Hindu in the southern part of Bali will pour over to Sakenan Temple on Kuningan caremonies.
Sakenan originates and the word cakya which means it can immediately unite the mind. Based on the existing history, Sakenan Temple was founded by Mpu Kuturan or known as Mpu Rajakretha, a Hindu priest from the Mataram kingdom. Sakenan Temple consists of two parts, namely a large temple building and a small temple. The temple is surrounded by a sliding wall.
Please note, to the east of the Sakenan Temple there is the Masceti Temple. The difference between the two temples is the existence of palinggih in Masceti Temple, while in Sakenan Temple there is one Persada Danghyang Dwijendra.
On the outside of Sakenan Temple, you will find two large trees that are considered sacred by the Balinese in front of the temple courtyard. They believe that the tree is home to the guardian spirits of the temple. The Sakenan Temple is made of limestone and red coral. Certainly being very unique is not a heritage of the kingdom of Mataram.
Pura Sakenan usually holds a special piodalan after celebrating the victory of the Dharma (virtue) against Adharma (sleaze) during Galungan ceremonies, so the truth is fortified, symbolized by the Kuningan ceremonies. Kuningan ceremonies is a series of Galungan ceremonies. The celebration is 10 days after Galungan caremonies.
There is a mention of the word “Kuningan” meaning “kauningan” which means to know or knowing. This is interpreted to introspect themselves so that they themselves continue to know and are able to fortify themselves from sleaze (Adharma). Likewise in maintaining Dharma. kuningan caremonies is held by all Hindu in Bali and the Archipelago. Pura Sakenan usually very crowded by the people of Bali on the Kuningan caremonies. The Balinese will hold a traditional ceremony at the temple. Kuningan is a day that is believed to be the Hindu signification in Bali as the return of ancestral spirits to heaven after being on earth.
Pura Sakenan, an important temple located in the southern part of Bali, is located on the coast in the northwest of Serangan Island, which is a small island about 10 kilometers south of Denpasar. This temple still has a relationship with the Buddha, who left Ida Bhatara Sakya Muni. As with other temples, every visitor who wants to enter the sacred place of Pura Sakenan must wear a Balinese sarong and cloth belt and for women who are not menstruating. Serangan Island where Sakenan Temple is located is only 2.9 kilometers in width by 1 kilometer. The name of the attack comes from the words sira and angen or “miss / dear”. Pura Sakenan was built against the backdrop of gratitude for those who feel sira angen with the natural beauty of this island. This holy place is located on Serangan Island, Serangan Village, South Denpasar on the island of Bali.
This temple or heaven was rebuilt by Mpu Kuturan or Mpu Rajakretha together with the construction of several other temples during the reign of the king of the husband and wife Sri Masula Masuli. In the Usana Bali lontar, among others, it was mentioned, Mpu Kuturan was also called Mpu Rajakretha. He built the temple based on the concept he brought from Majapahit (jawa timur), which was implemented in Bali entirely. Regarding the reign of Sri Masula Masuli in Bali can be known from the inscriptions of Sading Village, Mengwi, Badung.
The inscription dates back to Icaka 1172 or 1250 M. In addition, in the history of Shiva Buddhism in Bali, the word Sakenan comes from the word Sakyamuni, Sakyamuni is the original name of Sidartha Gautama and the peak of the piodalan at Pura Sakenan falls on Kuningan ceremonies.Purana Sakenan in temples and puri cultural articles, also described Parahyangan Sakenan included in Samudra Kerti, a place to worship Sang Hyang Baruna or Sang Hyang Sandhijaya guarding the peace of the ocean and the world from mala disasters and evil (bhuta kala). The view to the island is very beautiful.The calm blue sea ripples, the lush mangrove forests turn green. Kokokan bird that is perched on a mangrove tree, or is flying low on the surface of the water.
The sea snake wraps the wood lazily with that peace. In Purana the significance of Parahyangan Sakenan is also mentioned as the center of spiritual power for the kings of Bali and the reigning Javanese kings and dynasties who changed forms for hundreds of years in Bali. Noted, during the reign of king Udayana, son of the Sri Kesari Warmadewa, Empu Kuturan is said to have done Prabhu Udayana and Empu Kuturan called Mahayana Sakyamuni Buddhists. The sacred ceremony in Sakenan around 1005 AD. During the reign of Sri Dalem Ktut Ngulasir from the kingdom of Gelgel, the people of Serangan were ordered to worship Bhatara in a place previously purified by Empu Kuturan and named him “Parahyangan Dalem Sakenan”.
Sakenan, from the word Sakyamuni is Buddhist teachings that are adopted by Empu Kuturan. During the reign of Dalem Waturenggong (1411 Saka or 1489 AD) together with Dang Hyang Nirartha, it was mentioned that he built the pelarih Sekar Kancing Gelung in Sakenan Temple. The history of Sakenan Temple also cannot be separated from the journey of saints such as Danghyang Nirarta, Empu Kuturan, etc. In the past, at the time of the construction of the “Sekar Kancing Gelung Temple”, the people in Serangan and the surrounding area were eager to “ngaturang ayah”.
They united and all begged for welfare. As for the people around the Attack at that time, among others came from Intaran, Suwung, Kepaon, Pemogan, Kelan, Jimbaran, Panjer, Dukuh Siran and many more. Pura Sakenan has a swamandala concept consisting of pelinggih pelinggih and the buildings inside. Sakenan Temple consists of two pelebah namely Pura Dalem Sakenan and Pesamuan / Penataran Agung Sakenan Temple. Sakenan Temple has three pages (trimandala): utama mandala, middle mandala, and nista mandala. Each page is bounded by a perimeter wall complete with kori agung, apit lawang and bebetelan.
At the peak of kori agung head sculptures were carved. In the main mandala there are a number of pelinggih such as candi, balewa tajuk, bale pesandekan, and apit lawang. In front of Candi Kurung which connects the main mandala and madya mandala there are two Ganesha statues flanking candi kurung. Madya mandala is entirely surrounded by a sliding wall complete with Candi Bentar on the west side and petetesan on the north and east sides.
In the mandala nista only a blank page. Pelinggih building in the utama mandala, namely rocks in the form of Padma Capah stana Ida Batara Masjati, also as worship of Jro Dukuh Sakti. Meru Tumpang Tiga stana Batara Batur, Intaran, Ida Batara Muter. Gedong Jati stana Ida Ratu Ayu, Gedong (Tajuk) stana Batara Buitan and Batara Muntur.
There is also a bale gede or bale paruman whose function is as a meeting place for stakeholders, and also the purification of pratima Ida Batara and the place of the sulinggih and the kings at the time of the pujawali ceremony. It is said that the descendants of Ida Batara Sakti Pemecutan who were enthroned at Puri Pemecutan, all of them had already obtained positions and at the same time were given the task of being penganceng, pengempon who were in the Badung Kingdom area.
Puri Agung Kesiman was assigned as the pengempon Pura Sakenan, Puri Oka Denpasar pengempon Pura Susunan Wadon and Pura Batu Tegeh. Puri Agung Jro Kuta pengempon Pura Uluwatu, Puri Kaler Kawan pengempon Pura Geger dan Pura Pucak Tedung, Puri Denpasar pengempon other temples in the Jembrana and Bukit and Puri Langon pengempon Pura Peti Tenget. Then from that time Puri Agung Kesiman became a penganceng / pengempon of Pura Sakenan until now.
Serangan Island was formerly a village in Denpasar District which was separated from Bali Island. Every time you want a ceremony or worship to Sakenan Temple in Serangan, the pemedek must cross the sea by riding a jukung (small boat) first. But in 1996, the reclamation project made Serangan united with Bali Island.
It was then that the people of Serangan no longer needed a jukung or traditional boat to cross. Then, when visiting Serangan Island, you can not only visit Sakenan Temple as a historical tourist attraction. But there is another interesting object on the island, a beach. This beach is often used as a tourist attraction for surfing and diving by tourists. Not just offering historical tours. At night there will usually be a fishing activity on the mangrove beach next to Pura Sakenan Bali. To be sure, can divert your mind from the fatigue of daily activities.